Quick Learning Anesthesia for NEET-PG 2022 in 5 hours: The NEET PG examination (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduate) is a medical entrance exam conducted by the NBE (National Board of Examination). The exam is held for the students who want to pursue their career in the medical field or want to take admission in Master of Surgery, Doctor of Medicine or other diploma courses from the reputed colleges and universities. This year, there are around 19,953 seats for Doctor of Medicine, 10,821 seats for Master of Surgery, 1,979 diploma seats and around 6,102 government and private seats for the medical students.
Students are free to decide their medical journey and can take part in their preferred stream after NEET PG. NEET PG helps students get selected in the best medical universities in the country and around the world. Students can submit their application form on the official website of the NEET PG. It is said that students can expect to see the new changes in the NEET exam scheme, exam pattern, and test centres of the examination, as well as the application fee.
Anesthesia is used to numb the body, a part of the body, or induce muscle relaxation among patients. It helps calm patients during treatment or surgeries. It is a temporary loss of sensation in the body, or awareness due to medical purposes. Anesthesia includes a mild percentage of analgesia to relieve the pain in the body, for muscle relaxation and for temporary loss of memory. Anesthesia has various types and is used for several different treatments. Anesthesia enables smooth surgery or medical procedures without pain and muscle issues. Most of the treatments and surgeries are not feasible without anesthesia as it gets hard for patients to bear the pain of surgery.
Anesthesia has three broad categories, as follows:
1. General Anesthesia – It suppresses the activities of the central nervous system and results in unconsciousness. It is done with the help of injections or inhaled drugs.
2. Sedation – It also suppresses the activities of the central nervous system but up to a lesser extent. It doesn’t result in unconsciousness.
3. Regional and Local anesthesia – It is an injection given through the spinal cord, such as a limb. It is used to provide muscle relaxation in the patient’s body and as pain relievers to reduce the soreness and pain in the body.
Anaesthesia is one of the essential topics of Section C, Clinical Services. It is a part of the General Surgery topic. It is a short subject under the main subject of General Surgery. Students can expect at least 3 to 4 questions in anaesthesia, for a weightage of around 10 to 15 marks. This subject is a little tough compared to other subjects. But students are advised not to skip this section as it can have an adverse effect on their AIR rankings. Let us first look at the important topics and sub-topics of the subjects for better understanding.
Topics of Anesthesia
The essential topics of Anesthesia are as follows:
|Complications of anaesthesia||Halothane|
|Muscular Dystrophy||Preanesthetic Medication|
|Nitrous Oxide||Postoperative Complications|
Topics and Sub-topics of the Anesthesia – NEET PG 2022
The topics and sub-topics of the anaesthesia are as follows:
|Inhalational Agents||Halothane, N2O, sevoflurane, isoflurane and desflurane|
|Intravenous Agents||Propofol, ketamine, thiopentone and etomidate|
|Airway||Laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal tube|
|Anesthesia Machine||Pin Midex, Color coding of the cylinder and DISS|
|Local Anesthetics||Lignocaine and Bupivacaine|
|Central Neuraxial Blockade||Epidural anaesthesia, and spinal anaesthesia|
|Epidural Analgesic||Labor analgesia and post-operative analgesia|
|Intravenous fluids||Crystalloid and colloids|
|Oxygen Therapy||Nasal cannulas and face mask|
|CPCE||BCLS and ACLS|
|Modes of ventilation||CMV, PSV, SIMV, CPAP, PEEP, and PCV|
- Inhalational Agents – This topic is one of the essential topics in Anesthesia. The sub-topics of this topic include Halothane, N2O, sevoflurane, isoflurane and desflurane.
- Intravenous Agents – The topics include propofol, ketamine, thiopentone and etomidate.
- Neuromuscular Blocker – It includes only one main topic and that is Succinylcholine. Study the definition, chemical reaction and what it is used for.
- Airway – The topics include laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal tube.
- Circuits – It consists of Mapleson circuits, their definition, uses and principles.
- Anesthesia Machine – The topics include Pin Midex, Color coding of the cylinder and DISS.
- Local Anesthetics – The topics include Lignocaine and Bupivacaine.
- Central Neuraxial Blockade – The topics consist of epidural anaesthesia and spinal anaesthesia.
- Epidural Analgesic – The sub-topics include labour analgesia and post-operative analgesia.
- Intravenous fluids – It consists of crystalloids and colloids.
- Oxygen Therapy – The topics include nasal cannulas and face masks.
- CPCE – It consists of topics such as BCLS and ACLS.
- Modes of ventilation – It is one of the important topics and consists of CMV, PSV, SIMV, CPAP, PEEP, and PCV.
Detailed Concepts of Anesthesia
- Local anaesthetics – Local anaesthetics are used to block the transmission of nerve impulses. It does not cause unconsciousness in the human body after anaesthesia.
- General anaesthetics – General anaesthetics cause a state of unconsciousness in the human body.
- Analgesics – Analgesics are used to relieve the patient’s pain during the surgery and after the surgery. A human body becomes numb and doesn’t feel pain at the time of surgery or after the surgery is completed.
- Sedatives – Sedatives are used to ease out the pain, bring calmness to the patient’s body. It also helps to reduce anxiety. And higher doses of sedatives can cause patients to sleep.
- Muscle Relaxants – Muscle relaxants are used to paralyze the skeletal muscles to initiate the surgery or to facilitate intubation. It doesn’t make the patient feel anything during or after the time of intubation or surgery.
- General anaesthesia – It is one of the most common types of anaesthesia. It depends on various factors such as the age of the patient, type of the procedure and the medical history, etc. General anaesthesia causes the entire body in a state of unconsciousness or sleep when the surgery takes place.
The patient feels nothing and will not remember anything of the surgery and experience. It is given through an injection or a breathing mask. Patients are intubated to control their breathing. Patients are more likely to feel disorientation or throat issues from the intubation.
- Regional Anesthesia – it is an injection given through the spinal cord, such as a limb. It is used to provide muscle relaxation in the patient’s body and as pain relievers to reduce the soreness and pain in the body. It lasts up to 8 to 12 hours based on the dose. Some of the types of regional anaesthesia are axillary nerve block, interscalene nerve block, ankle block, bier block and femoral nerve block.
- Epidural and Spinal Anesthesia – This anaesthesia is used by many doctors for various surgeries and is injected below the belly button. To get this anaesthesia, an IV is inserted before the surgery to keep the patient hydrated. Patients are also placed under general anaesthesia as a mild sedative to keep patients relaxed and calm. This type of anaesthesia is used in the procedures such as labour, gastrointestinal tract, gynecologic, urologic, lower extremities surgeries, cesareans or C-section surgeries and surgeries related to the colon, etc.
- Monitored Anesthesia care (MAC) – It is also a mild sedative to help the patients relieve anxiety and relax during minor surgeries and procedures. The procedures included in the anaesthesia are biopsies, colonoscopies, etc., just to numb the area during surgery.
- Anaesthesia for Pediatric Patients – anesthesiologists are trained for both administration patients and pediatric patients. While preparing patients for pediatric surgeries, patients can be seen with physiological differences, such as low blood pressure, increase in anxiety levels, and high heart rates, etc. Anxiety in children is assessed through mild sedatives to relax and calm the patients. One of the most common procedures that pediatric patients go through is the neck, ear, and throat issues, such as ear problems, tonsillitis, or other chronic issues. CVMC is performed on regular anaesthesia and is further used for sports injuries, small hernias, and circumcisions.
Preparing to ace Anesthesia in the NEET PG 2022 in 5 Hours
All the candidates can prepare all the topics mentioned above within 5 to 6 hours. Some of the tips to prepare the topics are as follows:
- Make sure to cover all the basics of the subject. Some of the important topics of the subject include Succinylcholine, Complications of anaesthesia, Thiopentone, Ventilator, Spinal Anesthesia, Halothane, Pediatric anaesthesia, Atracurium, Muscle relaxant, Isoflurane, Intubation, Propofol, Opioids and Bupivacaine, among many others.
- Also, candidates are advised not to cram the topics as it can get hard to learn everything in detail again before the exam. So, cover each topic in detail and make sure to read all the concepts at least once or twice.
- One of the best ways to prepare the topic is to create notes while studying the chapters. Making small notes helps you learn faster one day before the exam.
- Solve previous question papers. It is one of the most effective ways to prepare for the exam. It gives an idea to students of how much time it will take to answer all the questions and what type of questions they can expect.
- Another way to prepare for the anaesthesia topic is to practise mock tests. It is the best way to prepare for the exam and it takes less than 5 hours to do it.
DBMCI allows you to prepare any subject within 5 to 6 hours. To know about the packages offered by the DBMCI, click here.
NEET PG 2022 Result:
Candidates can check the NEET PG 2022 result on the official website, nbe.edu.in. The result will be displayed in the form of a merit list, including AIR Ranking, qualifying marks and roll number. All students can search for their roll number and see the result. To get to the next level, students are required to qualify for the first round with the minimum passing marks. If students qualify, they will be contacted by the NEET for a counselling session.
Candidates can learn all these concepts within 5 hours through the DBMCI website. It is the No.1 medical coaching institute in India. You can log in to the website and gain access to all the NEET PG 2022 material, study notes, live sessions, e-books, etc.