Medical graduates aiming for higher studies need to have a complete idea of what needs to be covered for the NEET PG entrance. This makes it easier for them to navigate the syllabus and clear the entrance exam, in time to be admitted to the PG course.
There are 3 sections in the NEET PG syllabus, which are subdivided into different sub-sections. These sections have been devised by the Medical Council of India’s Graduate Medical Education Regulations. Since the National Board of Examination doesn’t provide a detailed syllabus for this, candidates need to check the MCI prescribed syllabus, prior to sitting for the exam.
NEET PG exam pattern and subject wise weightage
The exam pattern for NEET PG includes 200 MCQs. There are 4 marks for each correct response and a negative mark for every wrong answer. Weightage of questions in each subject helps students to focus on topics accordingly. Here is the list of subjects and topics that one can find in the syllabus for the NEET PG –
NEET PG important topics
Students are generally asked questions from the pre-clinical, para-clinical, and clinical subjects. Here is a breakup of the topics that one needs to focus on –
|Anatomy||Topics||Cranial Nerves, nuclei, mainly in relation to the optic nerve pathway|
|Brachial Plexus||Branches and palsies, Root values and dermatomes of UL & LL.|
|Arteries and branches||Subclavian artery, axillary artery|
|Internal iliac||It includes Perineum, ear, and eye’s nerve supply, the relation of Lesser sac, Parotid gland, Peritoneal anatomy|
|Embryology||Various germ layer derivatives, mainly Neural Crest Branchial arch, Cleft derivatives, Spermato/ Oogenesis, mitosis, meiosis.|
|Osteology||Joints types, Ossification centres, mainly, those present at birth, Knee Joint‐ ligaments; To be learned with injuries related to orthopaedics.|
|Neuroanatomy||Cavernous sinus‐ boundaries or structures passing through it, Tributaries, Blood supply, Brainstem sections, Ventricle boundaries.|
|Perineum||Urethra and urethral trauma, Anatomy of the rectum‐anal canal, Contents of the spermatic cord, Derivatives of reproductive system with embryology.|
|Histology||Epithelium lining in different regions, Thorax, Heart Arterial anatomy, Diaphragm with embryology, Bronchovascular Segments of the Lung, Lung hilum|
|Physiology||Physiology of nerve-muscle||Muscle spindle, Golgi tendon organs, classification of nerve fibre, skeletal muscle contraction cycle, NaK pump, action potential.|
|Basal Ganglia, Cerebellum, and its connections, brain Brodmann areas and their functions, Kluverbucy Syndrome, Hippocampus function, Hypothalamus, spinal cord’s function with the ascending and descending fibres.|
|Sleep Physiology||EEG: Normal Sleep, patterns of diseases and stages in sleep.|
|Cardiovascular||Graphs, numerical on Poiselle’s Equation, Volume Of Distribution, Pressure‐volume Curve, Cardiac Cycle, Reflexes‐ Bainbridge, Baroreceptor, Herring Breur, Bezold Jarish, Cushing, Vasomotor Centre, Exercise Physiology, Stewart‐Hamilton Law, Bernauli’s Law.|
|Respiratory Physiology||J Reflex, Regulation of respiration‐ apneustic/Pre Botz Complex, central/peripheral chemoreceptors, V/Q Ratio, Oxygen Dissociation curve.|
|Biochemistry||To be learned with paediatrics inborn errors of metabolism; defect of various disorders with absent enzyme and resultant substrate accumulation causing disease||Metabolism:|
Fatty acid synthesis and Oxidation
Purine and pyrimidine synthesis and metabolism
To be learned with pathology and genetic disorders of paediatrics.
PCR and types, mainly RT‐PCR
Functions and effects of deficiency of vitamins and essential fatty acids.
Porphyria With Heme Synthesis
Protein Structure, Collagen Structure
DNA replication, transcription, translation
Classification of enzymes with Kinetics, Isozymes
|Pathology||NeoplasiaOncogenes, Tumor Suppressor Genes, Cell Cycle Regulation, Neoplasia‐Robbins steps, Paraneoplastic syndromes, Tumor markers|
ImmunityHypersensitivity reactions, MHC, Amyloidosis, CD Markers, Vasculitis Autoantibodies
InflammationFactors, Cytokines, Chemokines, Leukocyte adhesion disorders, Wound Healing. Platelet & Coagulation Factors with Cascade, Platelet Function Defects
GeneticsInheritance Patterns, Manifestations and anticipation of Downs, Turners, Noonan, Klinefelter syndromes. Trinucleotide repeat disorders, mainly Huntington, Fragile X, Genomic Imprinting, Isochromosomes
HematologyThis section needs to be learned with medicine and covers the following topics:
RBC – Classification and differences, mutations, Megaloblastic Anemia, PNH, Thalassemia, Hemolytic Anaemia
WBC – Hodgkins’ vs Non‐Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, LCH, ALL, AML, CML, Myeloproliferative disorders ‐Prognostic factors, IHC markers, Mx Tumor & Immunohistochemical Markers List Ca Lung, Mesothelioma, RCC, Ca Thyroid, Ca Breast, Brain Tumors Cellular response to stress Metaplasia, Hyperplasia, Atrophy, Hypertrophy, Apoptosis, Reversible/Irreversible Cell Injury Markers, Granulomas, Lab Basics, Stains, Fixatives, Resolution & Principles Of Various Microscopes, Renal pathGlomerulonephritis H/P
|Pharmacology||General pharmacology, Clinical trials, Graph of enzyme inducers and inhibitors, Comparison of potency and efficacyBioavailabilityNumericals related to Vd, t1/2Systemic Pharmacology: MOA and side effects of each category.ANSBeta-Blockers: most importantCholinergic, anticholinergics, Drugs Used In GlaucomaAnti‐Microbials General: Penicillin, Fluoroquinolones, Aminoglycosides Antipseudomonal agents AntimalarialsAnti‐tubercular drugs, Anti‐leprosy drugsARTAntifungalsAnticancer Agents: Classification, Specific toxicities, Monoclonal antibodiesCVS: Anti‐Anginal, Anti‐Arrhythmic, Antihypertensives, StatinsHematology: LMWH, Warfarin, Anti‐PlateletsNeuro: Anti‐Parkinsonian drugs, Anti‐Psychotics, Anti‐depressants, Lithium, Opioids, Anti‐EpilepticsEndocrine: Oral hypoglycemics, SteroidsGIT: PPIs most important, Respiratory: Asthma drugs, List of enzyme inducers, inhibitors Drugs CI In Pregnancy ListDrugs CI In Renal Failure List.|
|Microbiology||BacteriologyStrep/Staph ClassificationStaph ToxinsLegionella: Case scenarioTyphoid toxinsE.coli, Salmonella, Cholera, Pseudomonas: Lab tests, toxinsClostridium: ToxinsTuberculosis: Lab Ix most important Rickettsia, Syphilis, LeprosyLeptospira, Brucella: Case-based QsParasitologyMalaria: Image‐based Qs, stagesAmoebiasis, Giardiasis, Nematodes/Trematodes‐Transmission And HostToxoplasmosisCysticercosis‐Esp. NCC stagesVirologyClassification of virusesInfluenza: Comparison of Shift and DriftHepatitis: Types, Hep B serology tests HIV: Opportunistic, AIDS‐deterministic infections, MxTypes and infections of Herpes Group MycologyClassification Of FungiDermatophytesEndemic MycosesCryptococcusMadura Mycosis: Case-based study and radiologyImmunityImmunoglobulinsImmunodeficiency Disorders|
|Forensic Medicine||IPCs: most important; Multiple revisions neededRape + Sexual OffensesToxicology‐ Intoxication symptoms, withdrawal symptoms, smells, common names, antidotes, the active compound‐Alcohol, Cannabis, Cocaine, LSD, Arsenic, Organophosphates, Cyanide, Lead, Datura, Barbiturate, MercuryPost mortem changes, Rigor MortisInjuries with special importance to BallisticsIdentification‐Age and sex determination: Ossification centres, dental, fingerprintsLegal aspects of medicine: Negligence, basics of court proceedingsBloodstain + Semen TestsAutopsy Techniques|
|Social & Preventive Medicine||History and concepts related to Public HealthEpidemiology and research methodologyEpidemiology of specific diseasesEntomologyBiostatistics Health planning and public health administration NutritionEnvironmental healthdemographyMental health and education technology Environmental sanitation Demography and family planning Advancements in public health and miscellaneous topics Sociology Urban Health|
|Psychiatry||Psychopharmacology-Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Anti-anxiety, Mood stabilizers Psychotherapy-CBT, ECTToxicology: Withdrawal and intoxication symptoms; Alcohol. To be learned along with FMT toxicology and critical care in medicineChild Psychiatry – ADHD, Autism, IDPersonality disorders, Schizophrenia and mood disorders: Definitions DSM‐V; Case scenarios‐DiagnosisSleep Disorders, Narcolepsy‐To do along with Sleep physiologyConversion Disorders: Definitions DSM‐VComparison of Delirium and dementia, Defence MechanismsDiagnostic Criteria‐Time Cutoffs|
|Obstetrics and Gynecology||Oncology: Staging With Treatment‐Endometrium, cervix, ovary, Menstrual Physiology: Normal phases, Abnormalities, especially Primary AmenorrheaPCOS: criteria, pathophysiology, MxContraceptionInfertility: approach‐based QsSTI: Bacterial Vaginosis, Trichomonas, CandidiasisMullerian Anomalies: Classification (recent update), MRKH, AISObstetricsPhysiological Changes In Pregnancy: One-liners, quantitative valuesSystemic Conditions In Pregnancy: GDM, PIH, Rh isoimmunization, Anemia Interventions: Amniocentesis, Chorionic Villus SamplingGTN, Ectopic Pregnancy, AbortionsOperative: C Sec/ Ventouse/ ForcepsStages Of Labour, Partogram, NST: Recent trend, PPH: Management algorithm with drug dosages mustPelvis Types, Fetal Skull Diameters|
|Paediatrics||Community paediatrics: To be done with PSM New programs, MCH programs IMR, NMR, U5MR – Current Values, MC CauseDevelopmental Milestones: MUST REVISE MULTIPLE TIMESNeonatologyNeonatal ReflexesNRP GuidelinesRDS: All causes, differencesHIEIODMNEC‐Bell’s StagingBreastfeedingJaundice: Causes, Physiological vs pathological, MxNeurocutaneous SyndromesNF1, NF2Tuberous sclerosisVHLSturge weber syndrome, Congenital Heart Disease Murmurs Diagnostic approach to CHD‐Oligemia vs plethoraVaccination: UIP schedule, Details of each vaccine Systemic Peds Nephrotic Syndrome, IgA Nephropathy, Glomerulonephritis Meningitis PEM, Rickets, Scurvy Dehydration: Mx Epilepsy Inborn errors of metabolism Croup, Epiglottitis, LRTI|
|Ophthalmology||RetinaDiabetic retinopathy stages, images, MxRetinal detachmentROP stagingRetinitis pigmentosaConjunctiva and corneaTrachoma‐Image, C/F, Elimination strategiesConjunctivitis‐ Difference b/w etiologiesCorneal Ulcer – Fungal, Viral, AcanthamoebaNeuro‐ophthalmology Optic pathway and its lesions Eye Deviation In Cranial Nerve Palsies Horner SyndromeOptic neuritisPapilledemaProcedures and surgeriesIndications of Enucleation/Exenteration, Evisceration KeratoplastyDark room proceduresTonometryDirect/Indirect OphthalmoscopyMacular Function TestsVisual Field DefectsEOGGlaucoma Types and management Of Glaucoma Tumors: Retinoblastoma, Melanoma ‐Stages of RB, Mx Myopia, Hypermetropia Cataract: Causes, Mx|
|Radiodiagnosis and Radiotherapy||IOC, initial investigations for various conditions, Basics of imaging modalities‐radiograph, CT, MRI|
USG: Concepts and techniques, radiation involved
Radiation physics: Radiation effects, Units, Radiation protection, Xray interaction with matter, Xray tube
Chest radiology: Approach to chest x-ray, cross‐sectional anatomy CT, Emergencies
GI radiology: Cross‐sectional anatomy, Emergencies
Genitourinary Radiology: Renal tumours, gynaecological emergencies
Neuroradiology: Approach to brain tumours, Spotiers‐Skull Xray series, Head trauma, Spinal tumours; myelography, Stroke, Spine trauma
MSK radiology: Bone tumours, Metabolic bone diseases, Arthritis, Iodinated Contrast, Barium, USG contrast, MRI contrast
Nuclear medicine and radiotherapy: Concepts, PET, important radionuclides, Signs‐Image based questions (Must see)
|Surgery, ENT, Orthopedics, Anesthesia||Surgical oncology: Must not miss TNM staging, Management, Prognostic factors for important cancers: Breast, Thyroid, Gallbladder, Esophagus, Stomach, Colorectal, Testes, Renal cell carcinoma, Lung cancer, Prostate Endocrine surgery: Solitary thyroid nodule approach, Thyroid malignancies, PTH adenoma, PheochromocytomaTrauma: Approach type questions, Triage, Primary and Secondary survey, Blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma approach, Head trauma‐EDH vs SDH, Neck trauma zones, Genitourinary, esp. urethral trauma approach, eFASTGI surgery: Esophageal motility disorders, Diverticula, peptic strictures, Gall Stone, Peptic Ulcer, IBD‐Crohn’s disease vs Ulcerative colitis, GI TB, Colonic polyps, Appendicitis, Cholecystitis, Surgically obstructive jaundice approach, Intestinal Obstruction.Pediatric Surgery: Congenital Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis, Malrotation, Intussusception, Hirschsprung Disease, Cleft Lip and Palate, Congenital GU anomalies. Vascular surgery: Peripheral arterial disease, Varicose veins, DVT, Aortic Aneurysm And DissectionHerniaBurns: Degrees, Management, Parkland formulaBreast: Screening, BIRADS, Triple assessment, ANDITransplant – Liver, Kidney: Types, ComplicationsBariatric Surgery: TypesSkin cancers: Melanoma, BCCMediastinal massesPostoperative Patient carePlastic Surgery: GratisSurgical InstrumentsForceps: Hemostatic (Kelly’s), Kocher’s, Allis, Babcock, Towel Clip, Maryland Forceps, Toothed & Non‐Toothed Forceps, Needle Holder, Veress NeedleRetractors: Deaver’s, Morris, Langenback, Cat Paw, Jolly’s Thyroid Retractor, Sansky Vascular ClampOthers: Scalpel & Blades (Sizes used commonly), Mayo Scissors, Metzenbaum Scissors, Rampleys Swab Holding Forceps, Desjardin’s Choledocholithotomy, Forceps, Bakes Dilator, Doyen’s Intestinal Clamp, Payer’s Intestinal Crushing Clamp,Bone Cutier, Bone Nibbler, Rib Cutier, Periosteal Elevator, Bone Chisel, Gigli Saw, Vim Silverman Liver Biopsy Trocar & NeedleENT- Hearing Tests, Audiometry‐ Localisation of hearing loss, Anatomy of Middle Ear, Meniere’s disease, Otosclerosis, Malignant Otitis Externa, Types and complications of CSOM, Acoustic Neuroma, Glomus tumor, Nose And Pharynx, JNA , Anatomy with blood supply, Epistaxis, Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Methods And Indications of Tonsillectomy, FESS, Polyps‐Ethmoidal, antrochoanal; CSF Rhinorrhea, Throat, Vocal Cord Palsy, Laryngeal Carcinoma‐ Staging with stage‐wise Mx, RRP; Tracheostomy: Procedure, indications; Lasers In ENT; Radiology of ENT: Identify Towne’s view, Law’s view, Water’s view, Caldwell’s view|
|Orthopaedics||IMAGING- Periosteal reaction, Investigations for a stress fracture, Osteomyelitis, and Bone Tumors.INFECTIONS- Osteomyelitis, Pyogenic arthritis, and Actinomycosis.TUBERCULOSIS- Pott’s spine, T.B. Knee & Hip.BONE TUMORS- Diagnosis of benign tumours, management of malignant tumours, a bone cyst.SPORTS INJURY- Cruciate ligaments and Meniscal injuries.AMPUTATION- Symes, Choparts, LisfrancTRAUMATOLOGY-COMPLICATION: Compartment Syndrome, Crush Injury, Fat Embolism, Sudecks dystrophy, Myositis Ossificans.UPPER LIMB: Shoulder and elbow dislocations; Fractures related to Clavicle, Humerus, Supracondylar humerus, Lateral condyle humerus, Colles, and Carpometacarpal injuries.CERVICAL SPINE INJURIES: LOWER LIMB: Hip and Knee dislocations; Fractures in the hip, femur shaft, Patella, Tibia, and Calcaneum; Ankle SprainTreatment – Nails, Screws & WiresAVASCULAR NECROSIS* AND OSTEOCHONDRITISNEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS: Polio, Disc prolapsed, Bursitis and other inflammatory disorders, and Dupuytrens contractureMETABOLIC DISORDERS: Rickets and Osteomalacia; Osteopetrosis and Pagets, Osteoporosis and Hyper-parathyroids; Achondroplasia; and Osteogenesis imperfect.ARTHRITIS: Osteoarthritis; R.A and Ankylosin spondylitis; Gout and Pseudogout; Charcot’s Joints.NERVE INJURIES: Erb’s palsy, Ulnar, Median and Radial NerveEntrapment syndrome – Carpal tunnel and Meralgia ParestheticaPEDIATRICS ORTHOPEDICS: DDH, Perthes and Slipped capital femoral epiphysis; CTEV; Genu Varum|
|Anaesthesia||Knowledge of pre-anaesthetic checkups and pre-anaesthetic medications, Simple general anaesthetic procedures, anaesthetic records cardio-pulmonary brain resuscitation (C.P.B.R.) methods.|
How to implement DBMCI eGurukul plans in preparing these important topics for NEET PG?
The eGurukul is one stop solution for all your queries and concepts. Our app is easy to access with latest teaching methods that helps the students to understand each and every topic to the core. Our Gurus, share golden mantras on how to tackle certain questions or subjects in the most simpler way. Also, they will guide you with a proper strategy to how to complete all the subjects and keep a right amount of time for revision.
On our Official YouTube Channel, students can get the videos of explanation of the certain topics, important chapters or predictable questions regarding the exam. The most beneficial thing is the
Best books for NEET PG
Since the NEET PG has a vast course, it is important to have a thorough understanding of all the important topics to be able to crack the exam. Here is the list of standard books that can be referred to
a. Pre-Clinical subjects:
- Self-assessment and review of Anatomy by Rajesh Kaushal.
- MCQ book by Dr. Raviraj.
- Review of Physiology by Dr. Soumen Manna, Dr. Krishna Kumar.
- Self-assessment and review of Biochemistry by Rebecca James.C
- Review of Pathology and Genetics by Sparsh Gupta & Devesh Mishra.
- Review of Pharmacology by Gobind Rai Garg and Sparsh Gupta, Ranjan Patel.
- Review of Microbiology and immunology by Rachna Chaurasia or Apurba Sastry or Ananthanarayan and Paniker’s.
- Self-assessment and review of basic anatomy and forensic medicine by Arvind Arora.
c. Clinical subjects:
- Review of Psychiatry by Praveen Tripathi.
- Orthopedics quick review by Apurv Mehra.
- Review of Radiology by Rajat Jain.
- Review of Dermatology by Saurabh Jindal.
- PROAFS Anesthesia for NBE by Profs by Vivek Jain.
- Self-assessment and review of obstetrics & Gynecology by Sakshi Arora.
- Review of Pediatrics and neonatology by Taruna Mehra or OP Ghai.
- ENT for entrance exam by Manisha Sinha and Sachin Budhiraja
- Comprehensive Ophthalmology by AK Khurana Ruchi Rai.
Tips for cracking NEET PG 2021
Here are some simple, yet important tips that can help you easily crack the NEET PG exam:
i. Stick to the syllabus:
NEET has a vast syllabus. One should know all the details so they don’t waste time studying outside of the syllabus. This will also help cover all the important topics on time and leave some time for revision.
ii. Creating a practical timetable:
It is essential to create a timetable that is realistic enough so that you can stick to it. You need to cover two years worth of material, so a well-structured timetable is important which includes identifying main goals, and secondary targets. Aim to stick to the timetable, but at the same time, it is good to be flexible according to the need of the hour. Start by setting a goal for each day. This could include a topic, practise questions and mock tests. Schedule time to analyse your results, so you can understand your weak points.
iii. Taking notes while learning a new topic:
This includes noting down the important points as well as the formulas so that while revising the topic, you won’t have to go through the whole chapter again.
iv. Don’t forget to revise:
Once you have covered all the topics of the three subjects, make sure to revise everything. This helps in ensuring that you remember the concepts easily.
v. Take breaks:
While creating a timetable, make sure to leave time for breaks. This is extremely important to refresh your brain so that you can easily retain more information while studying. Engage in some recreational activities, so that you can get back to studying with full enthusiasm after your break.
vi. Attempt as many mock tests as possible:
Attempting mock tests of the latest exam pattern, helps you get acquainted with the exam pattern, and boosts your confidence. It also polishes your problem-solving skills and makes you ready for any type of questions in the exam.
The journey of becoming a good doctor takes a lot of hard work and perseverance, along with learning many things patiently. So, you need to be optimistic during the whole process. Sometimes you might feel overwhelmed because of the vast syllabus of NEET PG, but if you use the right strategies, and work accordingly, it will definitely pay off. Find out all about important topics, textbooks and study material, only the e-Gurukul app.