FORENSIC MEDICINE MNEMONICS
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To pursue a career in the scientific discipline, it is essential to appear for scientific entrance tests like the NEET. 

The NEET PG is conducted by the National Board of Examinations. The NEET PG is the qualifying exam for postgraduate medical courses, including MD, DM, or doctoral diplomas. The score in this test decides your admission into various government and private colleges in the country. It is entirely acknowledged that getting ready for the NEET-PG calls for a lot of hard work and perseverance, along with choosing the right preparation approaches. The syllabus for NEET-PG is quite substantial, and every subject matter needs proper time allotment. 

Forensic medicine is considered to be one of the most important subjects to study when preparing for medical tests like the NEET PG. This includes crucial subjects such as Forensic Psychiatry, Forensic Laboratory investigation in medical-legal practice, emerging technologies in Forensic Medicine, and so on. These topics cover a lot of information and need to be studied in detail.

Forensic Syllabus for NEET PG 2022

The summarized syllabus for Forensic Medicine for NEET-PG is as follows – 

  1. General Information
  2. Forensic Pathology
  3. Clinical Forensic Medicine
  4. Medical Jurisprudence (Medical Law and ethics)
  5. Forensic Psychiatry
  6. Forensic Laboratory investigation in medical-legal practice
  7. Emerging technologies in Forensic Medicine
  8. General Toxicology
  9. Chemical Toxicology
  10. Pharmaceutical Toxicology
  11. Biotoxicology
  12. Sociomedical Toxicology
  13. Environmental Toxicology
  14. Skills in Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Being a multidisciplinary subject, forensic medicine includes specific hard-to-learn and remember terminologies. As several questions are asked from this topic in NEET-PG, it is better not to take a risk by ignoring this subject. Many memory techniques are available for learning forensic medicine terminologies. These aids include note-making, video-based studies, mnemonics, and other memory tactics. To know more about how to use mnemonics to learn forensic medicine for the final exam, check out this article.

What are mnemonics? 

When it comes to learning challenging phrases, typically, people use the rote learning approach. However, a more efficient method to analyze and remember information is by using learning strategies like mnemonics. By its standard definition, mnemonics are memory aids or techniques used to retain knowledge better. Mnemonics may be long or short. These can also be made upon one’s own as per the requirements. 

Mnemonics can be of different types, comprising musical mnemonics, rhymes, stories, strategies, and others. These also include a standard method called ‘daisy-chaining,’ used to form stories by connecting segments of information that we need to remember.

Mnemonics in Forensic Medicine

Forensic science is a complicated subject that includes names of poisons, causes of certain toxic conditions, and legal codes. It is always better to learn such matters in a manner that helps you recall the topics easily during the final examination. Also, these topics can help you to score better in the exam. 

Mnemonics are of great use here and can be handy while learning causes of conditions such as poisoning, abrasions, their types, and analysis methods. For more preparation tips and doubt clearing sessions, visit https://www.egurukulapp.com/.  

Standard mnemonics for NEET-PG preparation

The NEET PG is a time-based examination; some sections may need more time to solve, and others may require lesser time. For terms that take longer to learn, it is better to rely on memory aids to have no problem during the final exam. Definitions, causes, legal codes, etc., may be learned in a better way using mnemonics. Some standard mnemonics that might be useful are as follows:

(Each capital letter in the mnemonic stands for a particular word or explanatory sentence.)


Mnemonic
MeaningExplanation
NEWS is ROPDNorthern blotting is for RNA Eastern blotting is Western blotting is for ProteinSouthern blotting is for DNAIn forensic medicine, blotting is a technique that is used to analyze and detect proteins, DNA or RNA. This mnemonic helps to remember different types of blotting for different macromolecules, DNA, RNA, etc.
e-COALErgot Calotropis Oleanders Aconite Lead This mnemonic helps to remember the substances that can act as abortifacients. These are substances that cause abortion and remove the embryo from the human body.
PIGSPressure Imprint Graze ScratchThis helps remember the types of abrasions. It is a kind of damage to the skin tissues and can range from mild to severe.  
Get A Koala Bear and CatGas chromatography Alcohol dehydrogenase test Kozelka and hind test Breath analysis Cavett testThis mnemonic gives a summary of the alcohol tests used in forensic medicine.
Get Car Bike Motorcycle NowGlutathione Cocaine Barbiturate Methadone NicotinePoisoning cases where gallbladder is to be preserved.
ABCD(EF)(GH)Argentum Bismuth Copper EF Reverse- Fe (Iron)GH reverse- Hg (Mercury)Blue lines in gums can be caused by these substances.
CARing BARbie with NICe Miotic eyes ad PONy in Orange Modern CHLOthesCarbolic acid BARbiturates NICotineMuscatinePONtine HaemorrhageOrganophosphatesMorphineCHLOral Hydrate This sentence helps remember the causes of miosis. Miosis means excessive constriction (shrinking) of your pupil. This can be caused by different agents.
RIBGYO– Red-Fresh
– Blue-1 day
– Brown-2 to 4 days
– Green-5 to 7 days
– Yellow-7 to 10 days
– O-2 weeks- normal color 
The stages of color change in a bruise can be remembered this way.
CAR DONA– Cardiac poison
– Digitalis
– Oleander
– Nicotine
– Aconite 
These are the cardiac poisons.
Love Wife And Children·   Loop·   Whorl·   Arches·       CompositeThis can be used to remember four common types of fingerprints in descending order.
Always Purchase Second Class Railway Tickets·   Attrition·   Periodontosis·   Secondary Dentine·   Cementum Apposition·   Root Resorption·       Root TransparencyGustafson’s Formula helps determine the age of a victim in case teeth are a part of the collected evidence. 
VICkS IS Anaesthetic·   Vertical·   Imperforate·   Cribriform·   Septate·   Infantile·   Semilular·   AnularThese are the types of hymens.
TARA·   Thallium·   Arsenic·   Radium·   AntimonyThese are the poisons detectable in blood. 
6A·       Abortion·       Adultery·       Addiction·       Association·       Advertisement·       AlcoholThese are the components of professional misconduct.
CVS·       Cobra-CNS·       Vipers-Vessels  (Haemototoxic)·       Sea snakes-skeletal musclesDifferent venoms affect various parts of the human body.
OTIS CAMPBELL– Organophosphates
– Tricyclic antidepressants
– Isoniazid
– Insulin
– Sympathomimetics
– Camphor, Cocaine
– Amphetamines
– Methylxanthines
– PCP, Propoxyphene
– Phenol, propranolol
– Benzodiazepine withdrawal, Botanicals
This mnemonic helps learn the causes of toxicological seizures
HAND– Harrison Gilroy test
– Absorption Spectrometry
– Neutron activation analysis
– Dermal Nitrate test
Tests for detecting gun powder
BAC– Bitter Almond CyanideThe smell of cyanide poison
GAP– Garlic Arsenic PhosphorousThe smell of arsenic phosphorous
RATS PANIC– Red squill
– Arsenicals
– Thallium
– Strychnine
– Phosphorous/Zn Phosphide
– Alpha naptha thieurea
– Norbormide
– Indanediones
– Coudmadin/cholcalciferol
Rat Poisons
CHIPS– Chloral hydrate
– calcium carbonate
– cocaine packets
– Heavy metals
– halogenated hydrocarbons
– Iron
– Potassium, phosphorous
– phenothiazine
– Slowly released substances, sodium chloride
Radioactive poisons can be easily learned by using the word CHIPS.
BLAST– Barium nitrate    
– Lead styphnate
– Antimony
– Sulfide
– Tetrazine
Primer
PLAB-Putrefaction
– Lighting
– Abrasion
– Burn
These are the causes for odor in a dead body.
CATS– Cut
– Avulsion
– Tear
– Split and stretch laceration
Types of a laceration can be learned by using the word CATS.

Essential topics for Forensic Medicine

Some of the most critical topics for forensic medicine that are commonly asked in the NEET-PG are – 

  • Drowning
  • Adipocere/Putrifaction
  • Arsenic Poisoning
  • Identification
  • Organophosphorus Poisoning
  • Mercury Poisoning
  • Rigor Mortis
  • Laceration
  • Fingerprints
  • Cyanide Poisoning

DBMCI provides access to some of the best books to help you prepare topics for the forensic medicine part of the NEET-PG exam. These books and lectures can be accessed at https://www.dbmci.com/books-store.

Conclusion

Forensic science topics cannot be left unread while preparing for the NEET-PG as this is one of the most scoring components of the exam. The essential issues that are asked in the exam have been mentioned above. It is understood that the aspirant needs to take care of other subjects as well for the preparation. So it is better to use memory aids while learning as they save time for final revisions too. 

This article sums up the most commonly used articles that can help you prepare in the best possible way. For better preparation and identification of your weak points, eGurukul by DBMCI is one of the best online platforms. eGurukul can be used to clear doubts, listen to lectures, identify your weak points and assess what you have learned to date. For more information, visit https://www.egurukulapp.com/

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